The Syrian crisis started since March 2012 till present during preparing this assessment. The crisis has come close to the end of its seventh year and caused a huge IDPs influxes. According to UN statistics, more than 6.1 million people have been displaced within Syria, more than 4 million have fled Syrian territory, and until September 9, 2017, the Working Group on Displaced Persons estimated that the daily displacement rate during the previous 2017 exceeds 6,500 people a day.
A large number of IDPs fled to the camps which became according to CCCM 325 camps, distributed on 15 sectors in 7 Governorates. The number of IDPs in these camps 350,000 persons and most of the camps were constructed before 4 years..
Muzun filed team conducted this needs assessment through interviews with many key informants in the targeted camps.
The key informants were camps mangers, supervisors, or camps representatives. The questionnaire has been designed according to the information needed for this assessment, also, based on the available information resources. All the interviews conducted by Muzun field team with direct observation for the situation of camps in general in the targeted locations. This assessment just targets the 6 camps in Jarablus district (Al Malab, Ain Albeda, Zoghra, Camp 5, Ain Al Abeed , and camp 4)
to get more and full understating about the needs of camps including tents, plastic sheets, and other services such as (WASH & NFIs). So, Muzun filed team collected qualitative data through key informant interview and capturing some photos from the targeted camps.
The total number of IDPs families 3,860 families and the total number of IDPs individuals in these camps was 19,147 persons including men, female, children, and disabilities. Out of total number of IDPs, 5,400 were females, 4,950 were males, 8,757 were children and 292 were disabilities. Hence, the biggest numbers was for children and women which consider as the most vulnerable groups in the camp. On the other hand, the number of disabilities in 6 camps was somehow big and this group needs special services and assistance. The average number of persons per tent was 6 persons, the mini was 5, and the max was 7 in the targeted camps. The table below presents the number of IDPs in each camp;
Number of IDPs per camp:
|Name of Camp||Individual||Families||Female||Male||Children||Disabilities|
|AL Malab Camp||1800||360||430||400||970||17|
|Ain Al beda||618||150||205||190||223||17|
|Ain AL Abeed||1200||200||315||270||615||22|
Tents & Plastic Sheets:
The total number of tents in 6 camps was 3,023 tents where the number of tents in different form camps to another. Also the quality if tents was bad in
most of the camps. Therefore, many tents need to be replacement because of the bad quality or the problems like (worn, burn, old, and other problems), so
the total of tents need to be replaced was 337 tents in three camps (Camp5, Ain Al Abeed, and camp 4) in Jarablus district.
There were 25 rooms in just one camp in Jarablus (Ain Al Abeed) and all this rooms need plastic sheets because the roofs were very bad and need
something to protect it from the raining during winter.
Regarding Plastic sheets, there were plastic sheets for the tents in four camps (Al Malab, Zoghra, Camp 5, and camp 4), the quality was between medium
and bad for these plastic sheets which need to be replaced. The total number of plastic sheet which need to be replaced was 1,770 plastic sheets. The
remaining two camps (Ain Al beda, and Ain AL Abeed), there were no plastic sheets and the total number of needed plastic sheets was 415 for two camps.
Tents per camp:
|Name of Camp||Tents||Quality||Replacement|
|AL Malab Camp||45||Good||0|
|Ain Al beda||158||Bad||0|
|Ain AL Abeed||145||Bad||37|
|Name of Camp||Existing||Quality||Replacement||Needed|
|AL Malab Camp||Yes||Medium||70|
|Ain Al beda||No||300|
|Ain AL Abeed||No||115|
Camps & Tents Land:
Most of the camps ‘land was agriculture land which caused a lot of challenges for IDPs especially in winter where the water overflows and ponds in every place in the camps.
Other camps with rocky land according to the location and type of land which the camp made on. So on camp (AL Malab) was with gravelling land, one camp (Ain AL Abeed) was with rocky land, and four camps (Ain Al Beda, Zoghra, Camp 5, and Camp 4) were with agriculture land.
Regarding the land of the tents in the targeted camps, also, most of them contain agriculture land for camps and tents except two camps with rocky land for camp and tents as well.
|Name of Camp||Camp Land||Tent Land|
|AL Malab Camp||Gravelling||Rocky land|
|Ain Al beda||Agriculture land||Agriculture land|
|Zoghra Camp||Agriculture land||Agriculture land|
|Camp 5||Agriculture land||Agriculture land|
|Ain AL Abeed||Rocky Land||Rocky Land|
|Camp 4||Agriculture land||Agriculture land|
Access to Humanitarian Aid:
Most of camps in Jarablus district face a lot of challenges in accessing to the humanitarian assistance due to the lack of NGOs and humanitarian associations in the area. Otherwise, the received assistance is not enough for the needs of IDPs in these camps, where most of IDPs need to different humanitarian support and assistance because they still need receiving assistance regularly because of the displacements situation and most of them lost everything behind them. So the most common problems addressed by key informant regarding access to humanitarian assistance were;
- There was not enough aid for all IDPs which are in need.
- The aid provided does not address actual needs of the IDPs especially for Women, Children and Disabilities.
Hence, these camps still need more assistance to cover the urgent needs for the IDPs who are suffering a lot during in winter where the weather is so cold and so rainy.
The source of water on the camps was either protected hand-well or directly from the trucks (see Table 5). On the hand, women and girls were the mainly
collector for water in the camps, where women plays the main role in managing different types of assistance in the camps. Just two camps (Camp5 and Ain AL Abeed) reported problems in water which were as the following;
- There are not enough water points available.
- Lack of clean drinking water.
- Lack of water for bathing/washing.
- Lack of water sanitation/treatment capacity (e.g. filters, chlorine tabs).
- Lack of sufficient water containers (e.g. jerry cans, buckets).
|Name of Camp||Water Source||Collector||Problems|
|AL Malab Camp||Piped water system||Women||No|
|Ain Al beda||Protected hand-dug well||Women||No|
|Zoghra Camp||Directly from trucks||Women||No|
|Camp 5||Directly from trucks||Girls||Yes|
|Ain AL Abeed||Directly from trucks||Women||Yes|
|Camp 4||Protected hand-dug well||Women||No|
The maın problems related to the sanitation in the camps were as follows;Lack of functional toilets
- There are not enough separate toilets for men and women
- Overcrowding of shared toilets
- Lack of privacy
- Accessibility problems for children, women, elderly and disabled population
- Toilets are not clean (e.g. toilets are not maintained, no soap and water is available)
The main problems/concerns related to hygiene in the camps were as follows;
- There are not enough places to wash
- There is not enough soap available
- There is not enough water available
The IDPs in the camps are disposing waste through bins, trucks, and throw it in the dump site directly. Some of them put the waste near the road to be
collected by Local council after that it is burned or buried by local council.
Waste Disposing Method per Camp:
|Name of Camp||Disposing Method|
|AL Malab Camp||Bins|
|Ain Al beda||Truck|
|Ain AL Abeed||Dump site|
In each camp there was different need of non-food items, however the most Non Food Items unmet priority needs were;
- Hygiene kits
- Kitchen sets/cooking utensils
Also, the most common problems/concerns related to Non-food items in the all camps were;
- Items are not available
- Items available are poor quality
- Unable to afford items
Jarablus district in general needs more assistance for the camps where more than 19,147 IDPs persons live in 6 camps in Jarablus district. As mentioned above, each camp has different problems and needs different assistance, simultaneously these camps need urgent support in the winter because this will decrease the suffering of IDPs which includes women, girls, children and disabilities. Briefly, each camp has problems will be highlighted as follows;
- Al Malab Camp: is a joint hangars and suffers from lack assistance.
- Ain AL Beda camp, there was no sanitation and lack of assistance, also, it needs emergency kits, tents, plastic sheets and winter cloths.
- Camp 5, is so crowded and needs tents, plastic sheets, and other assistance such as NFIs.
- Ain AL Abed camp, needs emergency kits, tents, and plastic sheets.
- Camp4, more than one family lives in one tents and another number of families without shelter.
- Zoghra Camp, needs tents, plastic sheet and other support.
Hence, the most common needs for all the camps are tents, plastic sheets and NFIs.